What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

Especially in recent years, all health organizations focused and invested on bringing awareness for breast cancer and the early diagnosis of breast cancer. Breast cancer and awareness is the center point of Triwi Global here. We thought it might be nice and appropriate to discuss about what we know about the issue. What is breast cancer? What are the common symptoms? What should we do to understand whether we have it or not? This article focuses on these questions mainly.


What is Breast Cancer?

Breast seems like a political issue sometimes. The society has a lot to say about our breast, do we wear properly or not, do we take care of them or not... However it's totally a medical organ that we have. It can be found in both gender and it's an organ we use to pump milk, understand our hormonal cycle etc. Breast cancer itself is a disease found in breast tissue where certain cells changes due to mutations and duplicates faster and uncontrollable than normal cells. These multiplied cells are called tumor when they create a tissue on their own.

In recent years, the incidence of breast cancer increased a lot however the fatality rates are changing according to a lot of variables which is another interest. A few of these variables are; the way of living, habits of eating, genetic predisposition, awareness among society, income and educational background.


What Are The Symptoms of Breast Cancer?

In breast cancer treatment and recovery, early diagnosis is crucial. A major proportion of diagnosed women, consult to doctor after feeling something bizarre on their breast at home which gives us a signal.

Early diagnosis starts at home.

That's why we are developping a smart bra to help woman to conduct correct self breast exam in a safe environment. So what are the symptoms of breast cancer? Which symptom should give us a signal to go to doctor?

  • The stiffness at any part of breast that can be identified with hand

  • Asymmetry between two breasts

  • Cavitation of breast surface especially on nipples

  • Color changes of breast surface, scratch, eczama and visible wounds

  • Peak d'orange at the surface of breasts

  • Abnormal swelling and pain on breasts

  • Running nipple with different color (yellow...)Meme başında oluşan farklı renklerdeki akıntılar,

  • Swelling at underarm and pain


Symptoms we listed above are the symptoms generally women notice at home and go to doctor for further diagnosis. If you have one or more than one symptoms on this list, you should take action for further diagnosis. However, one of the common myths that all pain and swelling or abnormal thing is going to be a cancer, which is not true. Because of this common myth, people get anxious and even sometimes postpone their appointments being afraid to learn the bad news. But the good scenario is that generally these doctor visits reveals usual cysts etc. In all cases, to get a proper diagnose we should go to doctor to check our breasts because even if it's cancer, when it's early diagnosed breast cancer has 95% of 5-year survival rate.


What To Do To Learn If We Have Cancer?

Health organizations around the world suggesting women, starting by age 20, to get self breast examination each month, and by starting at age 40, to get mammograms in a year. After every self breast examination, noting the stress and any abnormality, and going to doctor with those notes are crucial to accelerate and improve the early diagnosis process. It's not possible to detect cancer without having clinical screening so even a breast surgeon does the examination they will consult to a mammogram or further screenings.

How Can We Protect Ourselves From Breast Cancer?

Cancer is not a disease that spreads or can be protected by increasing immune responses by supplements. We cannot protect ourselves from cancer however we can be aware of it and reduce our risk of developing breast cancer. Some of the things that increases the chances of getting breast cancer are;

  • Being a woman

  • Being a menopausal woman at age 50-60

  • Having a breast cancer relative history

  • Having the first period earlyı

  • Having a late menopause

  • To never give birth

  • Giving birth after the age of 30

  • Not to breastfeed

  • Having long term hormonal therapy

  • Use of alcohol and tobacco

  • Having a high fat diet

  • Lack of movement

What To Do To Stay in Early Diagnosis Stage?

The best and optimum way is to change our everyday behaviours with healthy diet change and daily exercice. Then doing the self breast examination after 3 days of the last day of period. To write every abnormality down and going into doctor with high awareness stage.

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